Almost one fifth of Canadians come from abroad
The results from a recent survey show that almost 20% percent of the Canadian people are born outside the country and have become citizens by naturalization. This makes Canada the country with the highest percentage of immigrant citizens in the world. The National Household Survey was completed in 2011 by around 74% of the Canadian population. About 6.3m people out of Canada’s population of about 33,000,000 were born citizens of other countries.
In addition to that the mass immigration has significantly changed the ethnical makeup of the country. More than two-thirds of the Canadian immigrants are non-european. Immigrants are reported to have arrived in Canada from 200 countries. 6.3m Canadians, 19% of the population, now say that they come from ‘a visible ethnic minority’. The most prominent minorities in the country are Chinese, Black and South Asians.
According to the survey more than 1 million immigrants settled in Canada between 2005 and 2011. Most of them (56.9%) came from Asia, including the Middle East. During the 1970s, only 8.5% of Canadian immigrants came from Asia. Between 2006 and 2011, 13.1% of immigrants or 152,300 people came from the Philippines alone. 10.5% (122,100) came from China and 10.4% (121,400) came from India.
In addition to that the survey shows that decreasing number of new immigrants move to Toronto the capital city of Ontario. The new Canadians are more likely to settle in other large cities in provinces such as Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and elsewhere.
13.7% of the migrants arriving between 2006 and 2011 came from the entirety of Europe, only just more than the number coming from the Philippines. In the 1970s, 75% of immigrants were Europeans. 12.1% of immigrants over the five year period between 2006 and 2011 came from Africa.